Modelling accidental releases of dangerous gases into the lower troposphere from mobile sources

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Show simple item record Bernatík, Aleš Zimmerman, Will Pitt, Martin Střižík, Michal Nevrlý, Václav Zelinger, Zdeněk 2008-07-16T09:31:16Z 2008-07-16T09:31:16Z 2008
dc.identifier.citation Process safety and environmental protection. 2008, vol. 86, issue 3, p. 198-207. en
dc.identifier.issn 0957-5820
dc.description.abstract The article reports the results of different methods of modelling releases and dispersion of dangerous gases or vapours in cases of major accidents from road and rail transportation in urban zones. Transport accidents of dangerous substances are increasingly frequent and can cause serious injuries in densely inhabited areas or pollution of the environment. For quantitative risk assessment and mitigation planning, consequence modelling is necessary. The modelling of dangerous substance dispersion by standard methods does not fully represent the behaviour of toxic or flammable clouds in obstructed areas such as street canyons. Therefore the predictions from common software packages as ALOHA, EFFECTS, TerEx should be augmented with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models or physical modelling in aerodynamic tunnels, and further studies are planned to do this. The goal of this article is to present the results of the first approach of modelling using these standard methods and to demonstrate the importance of the next development stage in the area of transport accident modelling of releases and dispersions of dangerous substances in urban zones in cases of major accident or terrorist attacks. en
dc.format.extent 791676 bytes cs
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf cs
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Process safety and environmental protection en
dc.relation.uri en
dc.subject major accidents en
dc.subject transportation of dangerous substances en
dc.subject modelling of release and dispersion en
dc.title Modelling accidental releases of dangerous gases into the lower troposphere from mobile sources en
dc.type article en
dc.identifier.location Není ve fondu ÚK en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.psep.2007.12.002
dc.rights.access openAccess en
dc.type.version submittedVersion en
dc.identifier.wos 000256411200006

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