Period study of TW Draconis

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dc.contributor.author Zejda, Miloslav
dc.contributor.author Mikulášek, Zdeněk
dc.contributor.author Wolf, Marek
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-22T06:51:00Z
dc.date.available 2008-10-22T06:51:00Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Astronomy & astrophysics. 2008, vol. 489, issue 1, p. 321-326. en
dc.identifier.issn 0004-6361
dc.identifier.issn 1432-0746
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10084/68349
dc.description.abstract Context. TW Draconis is one of the most well known Algol-type eclipsing binaries. There is significant evidence for miscellaneous interacting physical processes in the system, which manifest themselves as for example period and light curve changes. We study time series data for the star accumulated over the past 150 years to detect changes in minima timings. Aims. Using 561 available minima timings, we compile an extended O–C diagram analysis. A detailed description of period changes allows us to construct the true phased light curve at any moment. Methods. By applying weighting nonlinear robust regression the timing residuals were analysed. The weights of individual types of minima were determined iteratively. The ephemeris are expressed in the orthogonal or quasi-orthogonal forms allowing us for example to determine directly uncertainties of photometric phases for any given moments. Results. The timing residuals (according to the linear ephemeris) display two stages of differing behaviour in 1858–2007. The first part ends around 1942. It is characterised by more or less smooth linear/parabolic course of timing residuals. In 1858–1905, the period was almost constant , but, in 1905–1942, the period increased with the rate of 5.69(5)10-8 d year-1. We interpret this as a result of continuous mass exchange between components at the mean rate of 6.910-7  year-1. Since 1942, the system has been showing alternating and shortening period changes with the length of a cycle of about two decades, modulated by short-term periodic variations. The latter small variations with the period 6.5 years are caused by the light-time effect due to the presence of a third low-mass body in the system. Major oscillations can be explained as consequences of quadrupole moment variation in the system. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher EDP Sciences en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Astronomy & astrophysics en
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078632 en
dc.subject stars: binaries: eclipsing en
dc.subject stars: individual: TW Dra en
dc.subject stars: fundamental parameters en
dc.title Period study of TW Draconis en
dc.type article en
dc.identifier.location Není ve fondu ÚK en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1051/0004-6361:20078632
dc.identifier.wos 000259347400027

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