Quantifying the impact of residential heating on the urban air quality in a typical European coal combustion region

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dc.contributor.author Junninen, Heikki
dc.contributor.author Monster, Jacob
dc.contributor.author Rey, Maria
dc.contributor.author Cancelinha, Jose
dc.contributor.author Douglas, Kevin
dc.contributor.author Duane, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Forcina, Victtorio
dc.contributor.author Muller, Anne
dc.contributor.author Lagler, Fritz
dc.contributor.author Marelli, Luisa
dc.contributor.author Borowiak, Annette
dc.contributor.author Neidzialek, Joanna
dc.contributor.author Paradiz, Bostian
dc.contributor.author Mira-Salama, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Jimenez, Jose
dc.contributor.author Hansen, Ute
dc.contributor.author Astorga, Covadonga
dc.contributor.author Stanczyk, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.author Viana, Mar
dc.contributor.author Querol, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Duvall, Rachelle M.
dc.contributor.author Norris, Gary A.
dc.contributor.author Tsakovski, Stefan
dc.contributor.author Wahlin, Peter
dc.contributor.author Horák, Jiří
dc.contributor.author Larsen, Bo R.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-11-10T09:15:51Z
dc.date.available 2009-11-10T09:15:51Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Environmental science & technology. 2009, vol. 43, issue 20, p. 7964-7970. en
dc.identifier.issn 0013-936X
dc.identifier.issn 1520-5851
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10084/76282
dc.description.abstract The present investigation, carried out as a case study in a typical major city situated in a European coal combustion region (Krakow, Poland), aims at quantifying the impact on the urban air quality of residential heating by coal combustion in comparison with other potential pollution sources such as power plants, industry, and traffic. Emissions were measured for 20 major sources, including small stoves and boilers, and the particulate matter (PM) was analyzed for 52 individual compounds together with outdoor and indoor PM10 collected during typical winter pollution episodes. The data were analyzed using chemical mass balance modeling (CMB) and constrained positive matrix factorization (CMF) yielding source apportionments for PM10, B(a)P, and other regulated air pollutants namely Cd, Ni, As, and Pb. The results are potentially very useful for planning abatement strategies in all areas of the world, where coal combustion in small appliances is significant. During the studied pollution episodes in Krakow, European air quality limits were exceeded with up to a factor 8 for PM10 and up to a factor 200 for B(a)P. The levels of these air pollutants were accompanied by high concentrations of azaarenes, known markers for inefficient coal combustion. The major culprit for the extreme pollution levels was demonstrated to be residential heating by coal combustion in small stoves and boilers (>50% for PM10 and >90% B(a)P), whereas road transport (<10% for PM10 and <3% for B(a)P), and industry (4−15% for PM10 and <6% for B(a)P) played a lesser role. The indoor PM10 and B(a)P concentrations were at high levels similar to those of outdoor concentrations and were found to have the same sources as outdoors. The inorganic secondary aerosol component of PM10 amounted to around 30%, which for a large part may be attributed to the industrial emission of the precursors SO2 and NOx. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher American Chemical Society en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Environmental science & technology en
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es8032082 en
dc.title Quantifying the impact of residential heating on the urban air quality in a typical European coal combustion region en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.location Není ve fondu ÚK en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1021/es8032082
dc.identifier.wos 000270594900061

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